The gas escaping the gravity of supermassive black holes would be able to form a “tsunami” in space …
According to Livescience, in a new study funded by NASA, astrophysicists used computer simulations to simulate the environment around supermassive black holes in deep space.
They discovered that there could be giant tsunami-like structures forming near these black holes. They are essentially massive swirling gas walls that narrowly escape the intense attraction of the black hole.
Based on this, the researchers even suggested that supermassive black holes could be home to the largest tsunami-like structures in the universe.
Daniel Proga, astrophysicist at the University of Las Vegas, Nevada (UNLV) said: “In this study, researchers took a close look at the strange environment around supermassive black holes and the way stars look at them. The gas interacts with the radiation there. Supermassive black holes sometimes have large disks of gas and matter revolving around them, fueling them over time into a coherent system known as the thienactive galactic nucleus.
Lead author Tim Waters, a postdoctoral fellow and visiting scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, also said that the atmosphere of the gas disc orbiting the black hole may also have started to form gas waves. and matter. In addition to the outflows caused by X-rays, these gas waves can turn into giant vortex gas tsunamis. The researchers found that these vortexed gas waves can extend up to 10 light years above the disc. Once these tsunami-like structures form, they will no longer be affected by the gravity of the black hole.
The study goes against previous theories that hot gas clouds near the galactic nucleus are active to form spontaneously due to unstable fluids. This study also contradicts the previous opinion that a magnetic field is needed to move cooler gas from a gas disk around a supermassive black hole.