They were the largest cavalry, the most powerful warriors ever seen in human history: the Spartan infantry, the Husaria cavalry, the Mongol cavalry, the Teutonic cavalry and the Roman legion.
1. Spartan infantry
Sparta was the first professional army in human history, they were known for their resilient will and strict discipline. During the Peloponnesian War, the siege of 9,000 heavy infantry troops from Sparta left the Athenians in hiding for just a few years. During the Persian War, only 500 Spartans led with 3,000 Greeks to fight indiscriminately with 100,000 Persians.
The classic Spartans’ fight against Persia inspired the famous movie “300”.
2. Husaria Cavalry
Not only are they particularly impressed with their wings which make them look like an army emerging from the mythical world, but this cavalry is also known for its clever military tactics and special armor that creates destructive power. Destroy the enemy.
The name of this cavalry makes the enemy terrified whenever they see wings on the battlefield, with countless battles the cavalry team is nearly undefeated. A series of consecutive victories of this legion such as: Lubiszew (1577), Byczyna (1588), Kokenhausen (1601), Kircholm (1605), Kluszyn (1610), Chocim (1621), Martynów (1624), Trzciana (1629) , Ochmatów (1644), Beresteczko (1651), Polonka (1660), Cudnów (1660), Chocim (1673), Lwów (1675), Vienna (1683) and Párkány (1683).
This undefeated chain creates the golden age of century-old Hurasia warriors. On flat ground, they are almost undefeated. Not only that, in most battles the number of this cavalry was much lower than that of the opponent.
Typically at the Battle of Kircholm (1605), the Swedish army outperformed in strength and numbers with 11,000 infantry and rifles against 1,900 Hurasia cavalry.
But they were defeated with 6000 casualties, and the Polish cavalry lost less than 100 people!
The most honorable battle and the legendary strength of the winged cavalry was when they had to face the most powerful enemy in the world at that time: the Ottoman Empire – the new empire that destroyed the La Empire. Old Code to dominate Europe.
With only 3,000 Husaria cavalrymen to defeat the mighty army of 200,000 in 1683 at the Battle of Vienna (saving the Austrian capital Vienna from the siege of the Ottomans).
The name and immortal legends of the Winged Cavalry were once again enhanced with a victory to persuade the Ottoman Empire to become the most powerful cavalry in European history.
3. Mongolian Cavalry
The Mongolian cavalry was founded by Genghis Khan. This army is freed from the slavery of traditional military thought with good war nomads and terrifying destructive capabilities.
This army has about a million soldiers at the start of the invasion of Asia – Europe since 1206. It is an unstoppable army on the way to conquer the Middle East, China and Russia.
In fact, the maneuverability of the Mongols was enhanced by their habit of living on horseback. Each Mongolian cavalry has 3-4 horses to fight. The skill of horseback riding and archery gives them a clear advantage over enemy infantry. The discipline of this army helps them make full use of many new tactics, such as quick attacks and one-on-one hits.
The Mongols also knew how to use psychological warfare, spreading terror in various ways, such as slaughtering civilians and destroying strongholds after their opponents were defeated. It shocked many armies to hear the Mongol hooves in the distance and quickly surrendered.
4. Teutonic cavalry
This legion was not victorious, but in its most prosperous period the Teutonic Knights actually controlled the entire eastern Baltic Sea region.
They are always at the forefront of battles and are real monsters on the battlefield, strategically rushing into enemy formation from afar like a giant rhino, then spread out on 2 wings and turn around to prepare for the next one. stroke. This action was repeated over and over until the enemy formation was torn apart. The most terrifying thing about Teutonic warriors is courage, the courage that terrifies all enemies.
5. Roman Legion
The strength of the Roman army is its resilience, its ability to restore combat strength without stopping, even in the face of the danger of complete destruction. This is most evident in the Punic War. Despite the lack of intelligence and resources, they were able to defeat Carthager’s army in the first fight using the element of surprise.
The Roman legions (Legion), infantry division units, formed the core of this army. The composition of the legion includes professional soldiers, serving continuously for 25 years, well trained and well equipped.
Rome has launched many initiatives to increase the strength and determination of its soldiers. The poor soldiers will receive land if they win, while the landowner protects his property and gets rich. In return, security was guaranteed to the entire Roman Empire. All of these initiatives motivated the Roman soldiers to fight harder.
One of the important advantages of this force is multi-level combat training, which helps the front line to always be strengthened during tension, while the enemy is exhausted. The Roman army was often led by good generals, using maneuver tactics to gain an offensive advantage, especially against defensive-oriented opponents.
Over the course of 300 years of history, the Roman Empire continuously developed, from a small power in Italy to hegemony in the Mediterranean and its surroundings. Despite some limitations, the Roman army was truly unrivaled at the time.