The Al-Ahsa oasis in Saudi Arabia has been described as “a flourishing cultural land in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula”. With 2.5 million date palms, it is the largest oasis in the world, unique in its geography, culture, history, and a special example of how humans live.
1. The ancient city of Medina Azahara in Spain
The city was founded by Caliph Abd al-Rahman III between 940 and 941. After the civil war of 1009-1010, the empire of Caliph Abd al-Rahman III collapsed, leaving the city in ruins. Representatives of Europe are the ruins of the ancient Medina Azahara castle near Cordoba, Spain.
The remains of this city include roads, bridges, buildings or decorations, forgotten for 1000 years before being rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century.
2. Turkey’s oldest temple Gobekli Tepe world
According to UNESCO, the Gobekli Tepe temple consists of stone pillars arranged in a circular fashion, with 2 stone columns over 4m in the middle and smaller stone columns arranged around them. Sculptures of wild animals on rock pillars can “give a clearer picture of the life and beliefs of communities living in Mesopotamia around 11,500 years ago.” The temple of Gobekli Tepe is located in Mesopotamia and is determined to be 11,000 years old, or 7,000 years before the birth of Mesopotamia.
Gobekli Tepe Temple is Turkey’s 18th World Heritage Site on the UNESCO list.
3. Colombia’s Chiribiquete National Park
It is also a sacred area for indigenous peoples. Chiribiquete National Park is Colombia’s 9th heritage, Chiribiquete National Park is Colombia’s largest national park with an area of 2.7 million hectares and has a diverse ecosystem that represents the flora and fauna of the Amazon. Many of these rare species are only found in this area, such as the chiribiquete hummingbird with its distinctive emerald color or the jaguar.
4. Ancient Korean temple
These seven temples were all built during the Three Kingdoms period ending in the 7th century AD. including Seonamsa, Daeheungsa, Beopjusa, Magoksa, Tongdosa, Bongjeongsa, Buseoksa temple.
These temples are all built on mountains, placed high, surrounded by mountains and forests, overlooking the beautiful landscape.
5. Art Deco buildings in Bombay, India
It is estimated that there are over 200 Art Deco buildings in the Indian financial center. Most of these buildings were constructed from the early 1930s to the early 1950s and are mostly concentrated in the southern part of town, creating a contrast to typical Victorian Gothic architecture. Mumbai is believed to have the second largest concentration of Art Deco buildings in the world, just behind the American city of Miami.
6. Inuit hunting ground between ice and sea at Aasivissuit – Nipisat (Denmark)
Residents have shaped a cultural landscape based on the hunting of marine and terrestrial wildlife, patterns of seasonal migration and a rich and preserved intangible cultural heritage, including climate, navigation and health. Located north of the Arctic Circle, this region has 4,200 years of human history.
7. Church of Naumburg (Germany)
Naumburg Church was formerly the church of the diocese of Naumburg-Zeitz until 1615. Currently, the church is part of the Roman tourist route in the state of Sachsen-Anhalt. Located in the eastern part of the Thuringian Basin, the Naumburg Sanctuary house, whose construction began in 1028, is a special testimony to medieval art and architecture.
8. The ancient city of Qalhat in Oman
Today it has a unique architectural impression of trade between Arabs, East Africa, India, China and Southeast Asia. The city has since served as a major port on the east coast of Arabia. XI to XV century.
9. Archaeological complex on the border of Hedeby and Danevirke (Germany)
Another German monument also inscribed on the World Heritage List is Hedeby and Danevirke.
Hedeby is an archaeological site which contains the remains of a shopping center which still has traces of streets, buildings, cemeteries and a portal dating from the early 2nd century AD. Due to its unique position between the Frankish Empire to the south and the Kingdom of Denmark to the north, Hedeby has become a hub between mainland Europe and Scandinavia and between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
10. Ivrea, the industrial city of the 20th century
In prehistoric times the area was once a large lake and today there are only five smaller lakes surrounding the city, lakes Sirio, San Michele, Pistono, Nero and Campagna. Located in the Piedmont region, Ivrea (Italy) is a typical industrial town, where many important works of European industrial development are kept during the 20th century.
Ivrea was once a producer of typewriters, mechanical calculators and desktop computers. It includes a large factory, administrative buildings and buildings dedicated to social services and housing.
Designed by leading Italian planners and architects, mainly from the 1930s to the 1960s, Ivrea reflects the ideology of the community movement.
11. Al-Ahsa Oasis in Saudi Arabia
The Al-Ahsa Oasis in Saudi Arabia is described as “a flourishing cultural land in the east of the Arabian Peninsula”.
With 2.5 million date palms, it is the largest oasis in the world, unique geographically, culturally and historically, and is a special example of how humans interact with nature and its surrounding environment. around.
There are numerous gardens, canals, streams, wells, reservoirs, old buildings, mosques, traditional weaving and architectural features.
12. Sassanid archaeological site in Iran
Located in the southeastern part of Fars Province, Iran, these eight archaeological sites are located in three geographic areas: Firouzabad, Bishapour and Savestan. –651 BC) or called the Neo-Persian or Second Persian Empire.
The contours of architecture, palaces and cities … show that the Sassanid Empire wanted to expand this area.
13. Population of Thimlich Ohinga, Kenya
According to UNESCO, this building with stacked stone walls was probably built in the 16th century. It is also the largest and most intact of all such monuments: the Thimlich Ohinga Complex, located northwest of the town of Migori, Kenya.
14. Churches and Christian sites in the Nagasaki region (Japan)
Located in the northwestern part of Kyushu Island, its 12 components include 10 villages, Hara Castle, and 1 church, built between the 17th and 19th centuries.
The ensemble reflects the oldest activities of Christian missionaries and settlers in Japan.
15. Fanjingshan Nature Reserve, China
Located in the Wuling mountain range in the province of Guizhou (southwest, China), Fanjinshan is characterized by a progressively low elevation from 2570 m to 500 meters above sea level, with the existence of diverse vegetation. .
Fanjinshan is home to the largest and most evergreen primary oak forest in the subtropical region.
16. High tectonic chain of Puys – Limagne fault, France
The mountain range includes 80 “dormant” volcanoes dating back more than 8,000 years and scientists do not rule out the possibility that they “wake up”.
The highest point is the 1,465-meter dome. It is the first world natural heritage of the French continent to be recognized by UNESCO.
17. Mount Makhonjwa, South Africa
The Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains represent the best-preserved continuity of volcanic rocks and sediments dating from 3.6 to 3.25 billion years ago, when the first continents began to form on primitive Earth Located in the northeast of the South Africa, 40% of which is Barberton green rock, one of the oldest geological structures on our planet.
18. Pimachiowin Aki Biosphere Reserve, Canada
This is a special example of Ji-ganawendamang Gidakiiminaan cultural tradition, honoring the gifts of the Creator, respecting all life and maintaining a harmonious relationship with others. across the river, dotted with lakes, swamps and northern forests. Pimachiowin Aki is part of the ancestral Anishinaabeg territory, the indigenous peoples live from fishing and hunting.
19. Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Mexico
This place is one of the main centers of diversification of the cactus family, which is in play globally. Archaeological evidence also shows evolutionary engineering that reflects the early domestication of plants. The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, which is part of the Mesoamerican region, is an arid or semi-arid region of most biodiversity in North America.