Mongolia is considered the most powerful empire because the extraordinary things they do have never appeared in history, and are also difficult to reappear in the future. The mysteries of how the Mongol Empire could have grown so great are still very curious from afar. Please join us in responding through the article below.
From the wasteland, over the decades, the Mongols have built an invincible empire. In terms of population, Mongolia is just a small country, but it rocked the world over 800 years ago thanks to its outstanding leaders with good cavalry who were good at horseback riding, shooting. ‘bow and vision. change the world.
According to Business Insider, Mongolia has built its military very professionally, creatively and always learning new things. The generals of that time were true master engineers, using every technology that appeared in human history, while other empires were stubborn and not closely tied to combat.
The Mongols are known for their effective combat tactics. Soldiers are trained through many small to large scale battles. The combat performance of the Mongolian army during its peak period under Genghis Khan’s leadership was even more praised than the achievements of famous commanders such as Alexander the Great or Hannibal Barca in the Republic. Roman.
The Mongolian fighting style has two strengths, namely hitting suddenly and winning quickly and false defeat, then attacking suddenly. These two tactics left the enemy ranks dismayed and confused.
Many generals in Eastern Europe lost the battle before the second tactic. The combination of an elite army and clever tactics made many glorious victories for this highland.
The Mongols used a variety of weapons. They built curved-edged swords that made it easier for soldiers to manipulate when fighting on horseback and on land. Besides swords, mace, hammer, dagger and especially bow and arrow are also widely used.
In the history books, the ability of the Mongolian people to create and use arrows has been recognized. Mongolia is famous for its whistle (a type of hollow arrow that emits a sound similar to a whistle), mainly used by a leader to signal during battle.
The religion and culture of Mongolia
The Mongols treated most religions the same, usually patronizing multiple religions at the same time. During the reign of Genghis Khan, almost all religions had converts, from Buddhism to Christianity and from Ming to Islam.
To avoid conflict, Genghis Khan created an institution to guarantee complete religious freedom, even though he himself was a shamanist (a religion popular at the end of the clan, with the appearance of shamans, also known as magi , responsible for “connecting” people to supernatural forces). During his reign, all religious leaders were exempt from taxes and public service charges.
In terms of literature, the oldest surviving indigenous work is The Hidden Mongol, written in 1227. It is the most important document on the life and genealogy of Genghis Khan, including origin and genealogy. His childhood, through the establishment of the Mongol Empire and the reign of his third son, Oa Khoát Dai.
Another classic work of the Mongol Empire is Jami’al-tawarikh (volume of history), compiled in the form of historical documents to establish the Mongols’ own cultural heritage. With hundreds of illustrated pages, the book is truly one of the world’s first historical texts.
The economy of Mongolia
The Mongols have a nomadic way of life. They are close to nature and generally do not live in any fixed area. Due to specific differences, the correspondence system for communication between tribes or between people is also unique.
The post system of the old Mongol Empire was called Yam – which means “checkpoint”. A courier usually has to travel 40 km between two consecutive stations. This person can then either accept the new rested horse or give the mail to the next person for the fastest possible mail delivery. At one time, the entire Mongolian region had around 1,400 such stations with over 50,000 horses used to deliver mail.
After the collapse of the Tang Dynasty in China, the Silk Road was no longer the busy barter trade area as before. However, with the mighty Yuan Mong of the empire, it was again revived and prospered.
The Mongols derive a great source of income from this legendary route, with most of the costs going straight out of their pockets. Genghis Khan not only used this route to trade to Europe, but also used it to take over the world.
During the reign of this important route, Mongolia had appropriate policies to maintain and stimulate the development of trade between the two Eurasian continents.