The disappearance of ancient civilizations has always made many researchers a puzzle because there are no definitive answers to these mysterious phenomena, although many theories have been proposed.
So far, the history of the world still contains mysterious things that even science has not been able to explain, including the mysterious ruin of ancient civilizations.
Indus Valley Civilization, Pakistan
The Indus Valley Civilization is one of the greatest man-made architectural wonders of the ancient world (known for its degree of influence as the Harappa Civilization). It is one of the largest cities on the continent. Located in present-day Pakistan, the Indus Valley civilization flourished 4,500 years ago, then forgotten until the site was unearthed in the 1920s.
With sophisticated and advanced technologies, this civilization is distinguished by its urban sanitation system as well as proof of an astonishing mastery of engineering, mathematics and even dentistry. Around 1500 BC, the Indus Valley civilization was largely forgotten, whether after the Indo-European tribal invasion or the collapse of agriculture due to climate change.
Chan Chan Civilization
According to research documents, the Chan Chan civilization dates back to 850 BC and reached its peak in the early 15th century. At its peak, the population of Chan Chan civilization reached 30,000. People. The strange giant drawings on the plateau of Nazca, Peru, are the vestiges of the Chan Chan civilization.
However, this civilization perished when the Inca Empire invaded. Today, humanity still admires the ruins of the Chan Chan civilization as giant and bizarre designs on the Nazca Plateau.
People make a lot of theories around numbers. Many people believe that these bizarre designs were the means for the ancients to communicate with alien creatures.
The Mayan civilization is a unique ancient civilization alongside the Andes, built by the Mayans, an American Aboriginal tribe who, 2000 years ago, inhabited the Yucatán Peninsula in Central America, belongs to southeastern Mexico, north of the Guatemala and present day Honduras.
The Mayan civilization reached a high level not only in the field of state building, but also flourished in architecture, mathematics, astronomy, and timing.
Based on the increasingly rich discoveries, it can be determined that around the 1st century, ancient Mayan states were established. Most of the Mayan states perished for various reasons between the 9th and 10th centuries. Only the urban state of the Yucatán Peninsula, belonging to Mexico, continued to exist until colonization. Spain invaded this region in the 16th century. The aftermath of the invasion devastated many Mayan legacies.
Around the 8th and 9th centuries, the Mayan civilization began to decline, with many lowland towns abandoned. Wars quickly depleted resources and the Mayan populations, combined with climate change, resulted in droughts and a combination of reasons that led to the decline of the Mayan civilization.
Archeology has proven factors such as conflict, famine and revolts in the center of power and in the lowlands. Evidence that scientists have proven that in the 9th century here there was a fluctuation which caused the worst drought in 7000 years, contributing to the decline of the Mayan civilization. However, this is not the only cause of the decline of the Mayan civilization.
The Spaniards invaded Yucatán from 1511 and after 170 years completed its conquest. The Mayans did not have the same concentrated rulers as the Incas of Peru, but they lived in great concentration in one country, some fiercely resisting foreign rule. However, this land does not have much gold or silver to attract the determination and interest of Spanish colonialists like Mexico or Peru. The last land of Maya, the Kingdom of Itza, was not harassed by Spain until 1697.
Many people also believe that this civilization was destroyed by the invading neighbors. But no one has proven it yet.
The Incas are an Indian tribe living in South America. From the 13th to the 16th century, the Incas created a vast and highly organized kingdom. During its flourishing period, the Inca Empire stretched from present-day Ecuador to Chile and Argentina. The cultural, economic and spiritual center is located in Cuzco, the capital of Peru. The Inca Empire declined due to disease and the civil war for power.
When referring to the Inca civilization, people often refer to Machu Picchu – famous ruins in the mountains. It is an almost untouched town, resting on a thorny mountain, located at an altitude of 2430 meters above sea level. This city has been forgotten for decades but is now one of the New 7 Wonders of the World since 2007.
An ancient civilization in the totality of the Indus civilizations is an ancient civilization that developed between 2,800 and 1,800 BC. History books have also recorded the strong development of this civilization in terms of economic development, trade, agriculture, art, writing … It is not yet clear, but the series of discoveries by temples have proven their existence.
Harappa Culture Walls
The most common theory is that the Arian nomads (English: Aryans) appeared and captured. The second widely accepted hypothesis concerns climate change. Around 1800 BC. Harappa civilization.
Other theories suggest that the decline of the Indus civilization is linked to the end of the Sumerian kingdom and the end of trade relations with the kingdom, or the end of military conflicts and disease. The decisive cause of the decline has not been clearly explained. Professor Amos Nur and his colleague Prasad, examining the history of the seismic, noticed catastrophic earthquakes hitting the coastal area near the India-Pakistan border. They hypothesized that one or more major tremors may have caused the crust to shift, thus blocking the flow of a large river in the area. Agricultural production was destroyed, severe flooding occurred and eventually buried the cities in mud.