Although the collision rate of an asteroid with our Earth is very low, NASA is always ready for any situation, and recently the agency announced plans to release show and guide the disaster when it is in danger of occurring. Over the next decade, the United States Aeronautics and Space Administration plans to design and test several systems to destroy or deflect an asteroid as it plunges toward Earth.
NASA is preparing a response when the meteorite is in danger of hitting Earth.
There are a total of 3 options that can be used depending on the size of the asteroid and the time we have between discovery and impact. The first technique was called a “gravity tractor” – a large spacecraft approached the asteroid close enough that its gravity could pull the asteroid out of its original orbit. The second is called “dynamic impact,” which means using a spacecraft to directly strike a meteor in order to change its speed and orbit. It is expected that this solution will be tested by NASA in mid-2021.
The last resort is to use the nuclear device to deflect or pull the asteroid into small pieces small enough to catch fire when it enters Earth’s atmosphere. NASA is currently known to cooperate with the United States Emergency Assistance Agency (Emergency Relief Agency) to prepare emergency response options when a meteorite is at risk of crashing. our planet.
The US Space Agency is also working with observatories around the world to monitor and detect the first celestial bodies near Earth. All the information collected is sent to the international asteroid alert network and to the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, allowing countries to be informed as soon as possible. about when the impending Earth collided with an asteroid.
Thanks to the internet, information about the detection of a potentially threatening asteroid will be immediately released, according to Lindley Johnson, who works at NASA’s Planetary Protection Cooperation Office.